Eupasmos
Determinants
Data
[2018-2019]
Data obtained from 1.129 participants: 630 499
How do you classify your health?
[Source: EHiS wave 3]
Very good
22.5%
Good
35.6%
Fair
30.0%
Bad
10.3%
Very bad
1.6%
Very good
22.5
%
23.0
%
22.0
%
Age Group
18-34 10.8 11.0
35-49 7.1 5.7
50-64 3.0 4.4
>=65 2.1 0.8
Good
35.6
%
33.0
%
38.2
%
Age Group
18-34 14.0 12.9
35-49 10.3 11.3
50-64 6.1 8.9
>=65 2.6 5.1
Fair
30.0
%
29.9
%
30.1
%
Age Group
18-34 7.5 7.6
35-49 9.1 6.9
50-64 8.1 8.5
>=65 5.2 7.1
Bad
10.3
%
12.1
%
8.6
%
Age Group
18-34 0.6 0.6
35-49 2.8 2.2
50-64 3.3 2.5
>=65 5.4 3.2
Very bad
1.6
%
2.0
%
1.2
%
Age Group
18-34 0.1 0.1
35-49 0.2 0.5
50-64 0.6 0.2
>=65 1.1 0.4
Neighborhood perception
[NEWS-CFA questionnaire]
Accesses residents perceptions of neighborhood design features related to physical activity
A. Types of residences in your neighborhood None A few Some Most All
How common are apartments or condos 4-6 stories in your immediate neighborhood? 42.5 58.1 14.4 13.2 17.3 19.2 21.0 25.7 6.3 7.2
How common are apartments or condos more than 13 stories in your immediate neighborhood? 91.4 112.4 5.2 6.4 2.7 3.2 1.6 1.0 0.6 0.4
How common are townhouses or row houses of 1-3 stories in your immediate neighborhood? 54.9 62.9 17.5 23.0 16.8 18.0 11.1 15.2 1.1 4.0
How common are apartments or condos 1-3 stories in your immediate neighborhood? 40.8 55.1 17.5 20.2 17.5 20.0 22.4 21.8 3.8 6.0
How common are detached single-family residences in your immediate neighborhood? 39.4 36.7 14.3 18.0 18.6 18.2 14.1 21.4 16.2 30.5
How common are apartments or condos 7-12 stories in your immediate neighborhood? 68.3 89.2 11.3 10.2 8.1 9.4 9.5 11.6 4.8 2.6
B. About how long would it take to get from your home to the nearest businesses or facilities listed below if you walked to them? 1-5 min 6-10 min 11-20 min 20-30 min +30 min Don't Know
bank/credit union 31.3 32.5 26.8 29.9 19.2 24.6 9.0 13.0 11.9 18.6 3.7 5.6
Book store 16.7 16.4 18.3 21.2 21.0 27.9 13.8 15.0 18.7 25.9 13.3 16.4
Clothing store 19.8 17.0 14.3 19.0 21.4 20.2 12.5 13.2 17.0 19.8 16.3 31.9
Coffee place 48.1 43.1 15.9 19.0 15.2 15.4 7.1 13.8 11.7 22.4 3.7 9.8
Elementary school 27.1 24.6 24.0 29.7 21.9 27.9 12.1 16.0 10.3 19.6 6.3 6.6
Fruit/vegetable market 13.5 20.8 24.0 22.6 22.7 29.5 15.7 17.0 17.1 22.0 8.9 12.2
Convenience/small grocerie store 44.0 44.5 21.9 22.2 13.0 19.2 4.6 6.0 3.5 6.6 2.5 3.2
Gym or fitness facility 19.8 18.4 23.8 25.5 19.2 24.2 11.1 14.4 15.6 25.1 12.1 15.2
Hardware store 21.1 26.7 24.0 28.5 21.0 27.1 10.0 15.2 15.9 20.4 10.2 6.8
Your job or school 13.8 22.8 13.2 21.8 14.6 18.2 8.4 10.2 46.8 46.3 4.8 4.6
Laundry/dry cleaners 31.3 38.3 25.6 27.1 19.0 20.8 8.1 11.8 12.5 17.8 5.4 8.6
Library 13.2 17.4 18.7 29.5 24.6 30.7 12.2 16.0 18.7 22.4 14.4 8.6
Non-fast food restaurant 35.6 33.1 25.9 27.5 16.0 24.0 11.3 16.6 10.2 19.8 2.9 3.2
Other schools 26.0 29.5 27.0 35.9 21.6 26.5 11.9 10.6 10.3 16.4 5.1 5.8
Park 51.4 63.9 26.5 29.9 11.0 12.8 5.1 8.0 5.9 7.8 2.1 2.4
Pharmacy/drug store 30.0 26.9 22.1 18.8 12.7 15.8 7.3 7.2 10.2 16.6 19.0 34.5
Post office 12.7 15.4 23.7 25.9 28.6 31.9 16.5 18.2 15.7 26.9 4.6 5.6
Recreation center 32.5 39.3 25.9 31.9 15.2 19.2 7.3 9.6 9.7 14.8 11.1 9.0
Fast food restaurant 13.0 16.4 18.9 20.2 23.2 24.6 16.7 20.2 19.4 29.3 10.6 12.8
Salon/barber shop 44.9 45.3 25.1 34.7 17.0 19.4 6.2 10.8 5.7 12.4 2.9 2.0
Bus or train stop 52.4 47.3 11.0 16.6 10.2 11.8 6.5 9.0 14.9 22.2 3.2 5.6
Supermarket 41.9 58.9 28.3 32.7 15.9 15.4 7.5 7.0 7.5 8.4 1.3 1.8
Video store 8.1 12.6 14.1 20.4 12.9 16.4 7.8 14.6 25.1 33.7 33.7 25.7
C. Access to services in your neighborhood (10-15 min walk distance) Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Somewhat agree Strongly agree
There are many places to go within easy walking distance of my home. 12.4 19.8 13.8 18.6 24.1 28.7 51.7 58.1
I can do most of my shopping at local stores. 19.0 22.2 18.3 24.8 23.8 33.9 40.5 42.9
It is easy to walk to a transit stop (bus, train) from my home. 8.6 14.8 5.7 9.0 14.9 18.8 72.9 82.4
Stores are within easy walking distance of my home. 13.0 19.2 13.5 17.2 20.8 26.7 54.9 61.9
D. Streets in my neighborhood Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Somewhat agree Strongly agree
There are many four-way intersections in my neighborhood. 28.1 37.1 26.7 32.3 23.5 30.7 23.8 24.6
The distance between intersections in my neighborhood is usually short (100 yards or less; the length of a football field or less). 10.6 18.0 14.6 17.6 26.2 32.7 50.3 56.5
There are many alternative routes for getting from place to place in my neighborhood. (I don't have to go the same way every time). 12.2 19.0 12.4 18.6 26.7 34.5 50.6 52.7
E. Places for walking and cycling Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Somewhat agree Strongly agree
There are sidewalks on most of the streets in my neighborhood. 6.7 11.8 6.5 10.0 17.8 22.4 71.0 80.6
It is safe to ride a bike in or near my neighborhood. 18.9 21.8 21.9 34.3 32.7 39.7 27.9 28.7
There are bicycle or pedestrian trails in or near my neighborhood that are easy to get to. 32.1 33.9 16.8 20.8 26.7 34.9 26.3 34.9
Sidewalks are separated from the road/traffic in my neighborhood by parked cars. 24.4 34.9 17.3 26.1 28.4 31.9 31.7 31.7
There are crosswalks and pedestrian signals to help walkers cross busy streets in my neighborhood. 12.9 21.8 9.7 12.0 21.4 33.3 57.8 57.7
The crosswalks in my neighborhood help walkers feel safe crossing busy streets. 12.4 16.0 15.9 15.8 29.7 38.3 43.7 54.5
There is a grass/dirt strip that separates the streets from the sidewalks in my neighborhood. 50.8 52.7 15.6 22.8 22.2 26.7 13.3 21.8
The sidewalks in my neighborhood are well maintained (paved, even, and not a lot of cracks). 14.4 22.0 21.7 30.9 33.3 35.9 32.4 35.9
My neighborhood streets are well lit at night. 5.6 11.2 14.1 17.0 32.4 45.1 49.8 51.3
Walkers and bikers on the streets in my neighborhood can be easily seen by people in their homes. 14.1 18.4 15.4 22.6 26.2 41.5 46.2 42.1
F. Neighborhood surroundings Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Somewhat agree Strongly agree
There are many interesting things to look at while walking in my neighborhood. 26.7 26.7 27.9 40.9 26.2 35.9 21.0 21.6
My neighborhood is generally free from litter. 8.9 9.8 18.1 20.8 38.3 53.1 36.5 41.1
There are many attractive natural sights in my neighborhood (such as landscaping, views). 26.3 20.8 24.8 36.9 30.5 39.9 20.0 27.1
There are attractive buildings/homes in my neighborhood. 30.6 24.4 25.9 33.9 27.6 43.5 17.5 22.8
There are trees along the streets in my neighborhood. 7.8 11.2 9.5 14.4 28.9 33.9 55.7 65.3
Trees give shade for the sidewalks in my neighborhood. 14.9 20.6 17.8 21.6 31.3 42.1 37.3 40.3
G. Traffic Hazards Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Somewhat agree Strongly agree
When walking in my neighborhood there are a lot of exhaust fumes (such as from cars, buses). 29.8 35.7 27.6 39.1 26.8 31.7 17.6 18.0
The speed of traffic on the street I live on is usually slow (30 mph or less). 9.5 8.2 19.8 20.8 31.9 46.9 40.6 48.7
The speed of traffic on most nearby streets is usually slow (30 mph or less). 10.3 9.2 25.2 32.7 38.1 48.1 27.9 34.7
Most drivers exceed the posted speed limits while driving in my neighborhood. 17.5 22.0 32.5 45.5 31.6 37.9 20.2 19.2
There is so much traffic along the street I live on that it makes it difficult or unpleasant to walk in my neighborhood. 37.1 46.5 29.4 39.3 19.7 24.6 15.7 14.2
There is so much traffic along nearby streets that it makes it difficult or unpleasant to walk in my neighborhood. 23.5 35.9 30.6 39.7 28.6 32.9 19.0 16.4
H. Neighborhood safety Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Somewhat agree Strongly agree
There is a high crime rate in my neighborhood. 57.3 70.1 26.8 39.5 14.9 9.6 2.9 5.6
The crime rate in my neighborhood makes it unsafe to go on walks during the day. 75.7 87.2 18.3 30.5 6.0 3.2 1.9 3.6
My neighborhood is safe enough so that I would let a 10-year-old boy walk around my block alone in the daytime. 12.5 10.2 12.1 12.6 30.6 41.7 46.7 59.9
The crime rate in my neighborhood makes it unsafe to go on walks at night. 50.5 62.3 28.7 37.7 16.5 17.2 6.0 7.4
I. Lack of Parking Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Somewhat agree Strongly agree
Parking is difficult in local shopping areas. 26.7 37.5 21.0 30.1 23.2 27.9 31.3 29.3
J. Lack of Cul-de-sacs Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Somewhat agree Strongly agree
The streets on my neighborhood do not have many cul-de-sacs. 13.7 13.8 17.8 23.0 26.7 36.9 43.7 50.7
K. Hilliness Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Somewhat agree Strongly agree
The streets on my neighborhood are hilly, making my neighborhood difficult to walk in. 46.3 48.9 19.0 28.1 19.5 25.7 16.7 22.0
L. Physical Barriers Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Somewhat agree Strongly agree
There are major barriers to walking in my neighborhood that make it hard to get from place to place (for example, freeways, railway lines, rivers, canyons, hillsides). 71.6 88.4 17.1 23.8 8.4 9.8 4.8 2.8
M. Social Interaction While Walking Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Somewhat agree Strongly agree
I see and speak to other people when I am walking in my neighborhood. 14.6 19.4 19.4 22.8 32.1 39.3 35.7 42.9
Personal determinants
[SF 36 questionnaire]
Participant report survey about its own healt
The following items are about activities you might do during a typical day. Does your health now limit you in these activities? If so, how much? Yes, limited a lot Yes, limited a little No, not limited at all
Bathing or dressing yourself. 0.5 0.8 3.2 2.0 90.6 107.0
Bending, kneeling, or stooping. 6.7 5.6 19.2 19.6 68.4 85.2
Lifting or carrying groceries. 4.3 2.0 14.6 13.8 75.9 94.6
Moderate activities, such as moving a table, pushing avacuum cleaner, bowling, or playing golf 4.0 2.4 14.3 12.2 76.2 95.4
Climbing several flights of stairs. 7.0 4.8 17.1 19.2 70.3 86.4
Climbing one flight of stairs. 2.4 1.6 8.1 7.2 83.7 101.6
Vigorous activities, such as running, lifting heavy objects,participating in strenuous sports 16.5 17.2 32.2 33.5 45.6 58.9
Walking more than a mile. 4.3 3.6 12.7 10.6 77.3 95.6
Walking several blocks. 3.7 2.0 8.4 6.4 82.4 100.8
Walking one block. 1.7 1.8 5.1 3.4 87.1 104.2
During the past 4 weeks, have you had any of the following problems with your work or other regular daily activities as a result of your physical health? Yes No
Accomplished less than you would like 22.7 20.6 71.0 89.2
Had difficulty performing the work or other activities (for example, it took extra effort) 18.1 12.6 75.7 96.2
Were limited in the kind of work or other activities 19.2 16.6 74.9 91.6
Cut down the amount of time you spent on work or other activities 15.6 14.2 78.3 95.2
During the past 4 weeks, have you had any of the following problems with your work or other regular daily activities as a result of your physical health? Yes No
Accomplished less than you would like 22.5 24.8 71.4 85.0
Didn't do work or other activities as carefully as usual 19.7 18.8 74.9 90.6
Cut down the amount of time you spent on work or other activities 16.5 16.0 77.8 93.0
Not at all Slightly Moderately Quite a bit Extremely
During the past 4 weeks, to what extent has your physical health or emotional problems interfered with your normal social activities with family, friends, neighbors or groups? 58.3 68.5 19.0 24.2 11.6 12.6 5.2 4.2 0.8 1.2
None Very mild Mild Moderate Severe Very severe
How much bodily pain have you had during the past 4 weeks? 34.1 50.9 14.0 19.2 17.0 18.8 20.0 15.2 7.9 5.4 1.9 1.2
Not at all Slightly Moderately Quite a bit Extremely
During the past 4 weeks, how much did pain interfere with your normal work (including both work outside the home and housework)? 57.1 73.5 19.8 21.4 11.7 10.2 4.3 4.0 1.1 0.8
These questions are about how you feel and how things have been with you during the past 4 weeks. How much of the time during the past 4 weeks… All of the time Most of the time A good bit of the time Some of the time A little of the time None of the time
Have you felt downhearted and blue? 0.6 1.4 2.7 4.2 6.2 5.4 12.2 14.4 21.9 30.3 49.4 54.5
Have you felt so down in the dumps that nothing could cheer you up? 0.5 0.4 2.9 2.6 4.4 3.4 6.5 7.0 14.9 12.4 64.0 84.4
Did you have a lot of energy? 10.2 10.4 19.7 33.5 23.7 30.3 22.2 24.2 13.7 7.0 3.7 5.0
Have you been a happy person? 18.4 21.0 29.8 42.3 19.5 23.0 15.2 15.6 7.3 5.4 2.9 2.8
Have you been a very nervous person? 0.8 1.2 5.7 6.4 12.7 9.8 24.0 25.7 28.7 36.5 21.6 30.9
Did you feel worn out? 1.6 3.2 7.0 7.6 12.2 13.2 24.8 25.7 23.2 28.3 24.4 32.5
Have you felt calm and peaceful? 12.1 18.8 31.7 41.5 16.3 25.3 21.4 14.8 9.2 6.8 2.7 3.4
Did you feel full of pep? 11.4 14.0 26.7 40.1 21.9 27.7 20.5 18.8 9.8 6.8 3.3 3.0
Did you feel tired? 2.2 5.0 12.1 12.8 18.1 17.8 34.3 34.3 19.2 28.3 7.1 12.0
All of the time Most of the time Some of the time A little of the time None of the time
During the past 4 weeks, how much of the time has your physical health or emotional problems interfered with your social activities (like visiting with friends, relatives, etc.)? 2.2 1.6 4.4 4.6 13.3 15.4 17.9 18.4 55.7 69.9
How TRUE or FALSE is each of the following statements for you Definitely true Mostly true Don't know Mostly false Definitely false
I am as healthy as anybody I know 25.1 31.3 40.2 46.5 13.7 15.6 11.9 12.6 2.9 3.2
I expect my health to get worse 2.9 1.4 12.9 16.0 13.7 18.4 31.4 39.3 32.1 33.7
My health is excellent 11.6 13.8 41.6 52.3 11.3 14.0 23.7 20.2 5.2 7.8
I seem to get sick a little easier than other people 0.8 1.4 5.6 7.6 7.8 7.8 32.1 35.3 47.1 56.7